The newly-opened Ballina and Killala sections of the Monasteries of the Moy Greenway, the 10km walking and cycling trail, partly follows the route of the old railway line that once linked the two north Mayo towns.
The Ballina part of the Greenway through Belleek Wood to Knockatinnole, including a 5km loop, and the 4.3km Killala Greenway are now finished and proving very popular with walkers and cyclists.
The Ballina to Killala Greenway has renewed interest in the 19th-century railway line that once connected Ballina to the harbour-side in Killala. The line was once part of a grand scheme to develop a transatlantic shipping port at Blacksod that would have linked Mayo to New York.
There is a fascinating and colourful story behind the railway line – and it’s fun to speculate had the grand plans for the line that were hatched in London ever come to fruition and how different North Mayo might be today.
There are few if any people still alive who can recall seeing the Ballina to Killala steam train, making its twice-daily short 10-mile journey.
But, as a child, I can recall the old disused railway bridges at the entrance to Leigue cemetery in Ballina where the retaining wall can still be seen – and a bridge at Rathroeen on the Killala Road, a few miles outside town beside the recycling centre.
Built at a cost of £29,000
The local stories about young lads jumping on top of the carriages as the steam engine emerged from a tunnel under Convent Hill to spend a few idle hours in Killala before returning the same way were fascinating even if we realised leaping on moving train roofs only happened in the fantasy world of cowboy films.
However, my interest in the railway line was stirred once again when I walked the new greenway and passed under Meelick Bridge, one of the line’s three remaining railway bridges. The second railway bridge at Kilroe can be seen nearer to Killala and is not part of the walking trail. There is a third bridge at Newtownwhite (see comment below).
The Midland and Great Western Railway (MGWR) Ballina Branch Extension to Killala was opened in 1893 with the grandest of plans to extend the line to Blacksod via Ballycastle where it was hoped a transatlantic shipping route could be developed using the deep water of Blacksod Bay.
The Ballina line opened on May 19 1873 following the opening of the Manulla to Foxford line on May 1, 1868, and the earlier opening of Claremorris and Castlebar railway stations in 1862. Westport train station opened in 1866 and Westport Quay extension in 1874.
The proposed rail line from Ballina to Killala was put out to tender in March 1891 with Thomas Falkiner (TH) winning the £29,000 contract. The line was completed in less than two years and opened on 2 January 1893.
Blacksod Bay Railway Terminus
The earliest plans for the transatlantic port at Blacksod for passengers and mail went all the way back to 1835 when The Great Atlantic Railway and Steam Packet Company proposed a railway line from Dublin to Blacksod via Ballina and Crossmolina with an estimated construction cost of £152,000.
The plan detailed constructing a line from Dublin via Mullingar, Foxford, Ballina and Crossmolina to Blacksod Bay to operate a steam service to Halifax Nova Scotia and New York for passengers and mail.
However, the Killala branch extension which was proposed under Balfour’s Light Railways Ireland Act 1889 became a rival to the Crossmolina route.
The two routes were examined by the All Port Commission which favoured the route via Killala, Ballycastle, Belderrig, Glenamoy and Belmullet despite it being 7 miles longer.
Such was the excitement in the area that two hotels were built in anticipation of the business that the railway would bring. The former convent secondary school in Ballycastle was originally built to be The Grand Hotel. In nearby Belderrig, although the original owners were never able to realise their dreams, the hotel was still in use up to recent times as a guesthouse and public house.
The plans for what was known as Blacksod Bay Railway Terminus were impressive and architects’ drawings from The Building News and Engineering Journal on October 13, 1915, outlined a magnificent railway station to be built on a reef of rock projecting into Blacksod Bay and to be a terminus for the transatlantic traffic.
“The largest liners are able to berth at the end of this reef, which is the reason for the railway station being so placed. The construction of the building is intended to be carried out in reinforced concrete. The main feature is the concourse, which forms a waiting-place between the platforms and the harbour. The interior perspective shown by our double-page plate was included in the Royal Academy Exhibition this year. The architects are Messrs. E. B. Hoare and M. Wheeler FF.R.I.B.A. of Portman Street, Portman Square W,” The Building News and Engineering Journal reported in October 1915.
We can only speculate now as to the impact such a transatlantic crossing between Mayo and America would have had on North Mayo, but the advent of faster steam travel and better wireless communications saw the plan shelved to become nothing more than a curiosity of history.
The end of the line
Carrying both passengers and freight, the Ballina to Killala line had five gatehouses, one tunnel, and four bridges. At Killala station, a turntable, two sidings, a signal cabin, warehouses, and a splendid railway station and stationmaster’s house that is now a private dwellinghouse.
The Ballina-Killala Railway passed through the townlands of Ballina, Kilmoremoy, Laghtadawannagh, Cullens, Rathroeen, Coonealcauraun, Rosserk, Derreens, Knockalough, Rathglass East, Newtownwhite, Carrowreagh, Crosspatrick, Moyne, Meelick, Kilroe, Townplots East and Townplots West, Killala.
There are many stories told about the railway and none more poignant than that of Sir Charles Gore, Belleek Manor, who provided most of the land on which the railway was built and whose mortal remains were brought back to Ballina on the first train to enter the town. He died in Shelbourne Hotel, Dublin, on May 20, 1873.
The Killala line was closed to all traffic on October 1st, 1931 when it fell victim to the bureaucratic hatchet after it was considered to be unprofitable. Goods trains continued daily from Ballina, at 13.45 and returning at 15.15. The line finally closed on July 1 1934 – it was the first of Midland branches to be closed completely.
Today, at Ballina railway station, the only remaining part of the Killala extension line is a short siding beyond the level crossing towards the bus terminus. Running alongside Station Road, this short stretch of track is now used as a freight siding by Irish Rail.
14 replies on “Story behind Ballina to Killala railway”
I really enjoyed reading that. Thank you, Anthony. My late Dad Padraic could remember hearing the train whistle every day as it departed Killala for Ballina at 3.15pm as they were walked by home from Corballa School to Newtown in Castleconnor!
That’s a lovely memory, Peter. I remember your late father well. A true gentleman.
My aunt lived on a farm near Castleconnor church in an area called Seaview.
May I suggest that three bridges still exist. There is still a bridge at Newtownwhite.
Thanks for your input, John. I have now updated the post.
Lovely story about something that I had forgotten about. Thank you for your very comprehensive historical story.
Thanks, Joe. The Killala Greenway is stirring renewed interest in the old railway.
Just today, 2 July 2018, I had a great conversation with a 96-year-old lady, who travelled from Ballina to Killala on the last train journey, accompanied by her sister and brother. She said it was such a sad day. It’s great that some people can hold memories, and share them. Rosemary Maughan.
That’s a lovely story, Rosemary. I did wonder when writing the post if there was anyone still alive who had travelled on the train. Thanks for for sharing it.
When I was a child there was a tunnel that went under Convent Hill and came out by the side of McMahons [now Gerry McLoughlins]. I think the retaining wall is still there.
The outline of the original railway could be seen all the way to the bridge at the entrance to Leigue cemetery by Gintys .My late uncle, Chris Carroll, once told me that as children they used to place darning needles flat on the rails – and after the train went over them they had fine daggers. I managed to walk from Rosserk to Moyne then on to Killala last summer for a well-deserved pint or two. Thanks for the article, Anthony. Kind regards Brendan
Thanks for that, Brendan. I hadn’t heard the one about the darning needles before. I doubt if any of the younger generations even know what darning needles are! Anthony
Interesting article, Anthony. Thanks for sharing your memories and info on an important part of Mayo’s transportation past. Thanks, Catherine. I’m glad you found it interesting. Anthony
Great information, Anthony. Thanks for sharing it.
Rosemary, I would like to speak to that old lady about travelling on the train. Is she in Ballina?
Such poor foresight to have closed this line.
Do you know anything about the “Stations of the Cross” that were at the train station?
My Grandfather was the stonemason who worked on them.
That’s very interesting, Millie, I haven’t seen any mention in my research of Stations of Cross in Killala. If you have any further information, please let us know.
Lovely record of the old line, Anthony.
Nice to read too, of Rose Maughan and Brendan O’Hora’s recollections.
I used to visit Cahill Quinn who lived in the Killala Station house with it’s decorative architectural iron work.
The 1911 Census for Rathroheen, Ballysakeery [where I remember the old Gate-house], has: an Owen Rogan as ‘Railway Linesman’ and a Pat Brown as: ‘Milesman in MGW Railway’.
David, thanks for that information. I also remember the old gate-house at Rathroheen. Anthony
I believe my husband’s grandfather, John O’Connor, was a switch-man on this railway. I am trying to find more information. I believe he was born in 1864 and he died in 1907, aged 42 or 43.
My husband is a member of the Railway Historical Society.
Regards, Mrs. Roderick Patrick O’Connor.
Thanks, Sharon, for telling us about your family connection with Killala Railway Station. I hope you are successful in finding out further information about John O’Connor. Anthony
Go raibh maith agat, Anthony, for such an interesting article. I have often asked people around Ballina about this railway to Kilalla and the information was very scarce.
I’m glad you found it interesting, Tom. Of course, it’s time to start building railways again.
There was a proposal to reinstate the line to the Asahi factory outside Killala in the 1980s to transport the dangerous chemical ACRYLONITRILE which was unloaded in Ballina freight yard and the final leg of the journey was by road to Killala, but sadly never happened. If it had it would have been door-to-door from Dublin’s North Wal to the Asahi factory in Killala entirely by rail with no road haulage.