Canton Rescue Kilcummin
August 1940 was also the month in which one of the most courageous and difficult rescues of shipwrecked seamen took place off the coast of Ireland during World War 11. The rescue took place off Kilcummin Head when local fishermen showed skillful seamanship and noble humanity when they risked their lives in treacherous seas to row out three miles to tow to safety a lifeboat full of weary sailors in danger of being smashed against the rocks.
Late on Friday, August 9, 1940, the unescorted Swedish motor merchant, Canton, was hit by one torpedo from U-30 and sank 70 miles west of Tory Island. The ship was on on its way to Liverpool from Calcutta via Freetown, carrying 3,000 tons of pig iron, 2,700 tons of linseed, 1,152 tons of general cargo and 1,034 tons of hessian.
Two lifeboats were launched; the captain and 15 crew were never heard of again, but the second boat with 16 men reached the Mayo coast on Sunday morning, August 11, 1940.
By the time they came in sight of the Kilcummin shoreline, the 16 seamen were exhausted and cold after two nights being tossed about in a cramped lifeboat in a wild North Atlantic. Dejected, the survivors were in no fit state to row their vessel through the treacherous waters, avoiding reefs and skerries, to the small harbour near where General Humbert’s French Forces landed in 1798.
Following in the family tradition, Jim McLoughlin (1909-1992) was a marine pilot since he was 19, guiding cargo boats into Killala Bay and up through the narrow silt reefs of the Moy estuary to Ballina Harbour. He owned a 22-foot blue and white skiff he named the St. Anne which he used for coastal fishing along with seven other men, relatives and close friends, including his younger brother, Mike.
Alerted by the coastwatchers at Kilcummin LOP who had spotted the lifeboat in difficulty passing the headland, Jim McLoughlin and his comrades did not hesitate for one minute when they looked out over the bay from the cliffs at Croagh Mor and saw the plight of the men aboard the lifeboat. Within minutes, they had launched the St. Anne into the dangerous sea swell that kept all boats harbour-bound that inclement summer Sunday.
The crew of the St. Anne on that day comprised James McLoughlin (31) Skipper and Michael McLoughlin (24), who were brothers; John McLoughlin (70) a cousin of the previous two men, John Kelly (33), John Langan (60), William Knox (40) all of Parke; William Hughes (60), Ballinlena, and Thomas Hughes (40), Kilcummin.
The drama and gallantry of the rescue could well have turned into a terrible tragedy for Kilcummin, but for the seamanship and bravery of the crew of the St. Anne. Over 80 years later those of us who are familiar with Kilcummin’s big waves can appreciate the enormous courage shown by the men of the St. Anne to even attempt to row beyond the shelter of the wave-lashed harbour.
Rowing out three miles through the treacherous currents and high rolling seas, the Kilcummin men saw that the lifeboat was almost twice the size of the skiff and taking water. A collision would see them all drown. There was no response to calls to take a tow line; the lifeboat men who were crouching under a tarpaulin, werre cold, seasick and losing hope of rescue. Bravely, Jim McLoughlin jumped from the St. Anne into the lifeboat and as the survivors slowly emerged, he secured the line and took the tiller as the oarsman in the St. Anne began pulling for home.
“The haul home was tough going for the rest of them. The much larger lifeboat had 17 people and a lot of water in it and they had to keep ahead enough at times so that she wouldn’t bear down on them. They were cold, wet, and tired. As they approached the little harbour, they could see cars full of people as well as ass-carts and bicycles and those on foot and horseback from all over the region 43.”
As the Canton crew, comprising Swedes and lascars (sailor from the Indian Subcontinent and South East Asia) came ashore at Kilcummin, one of the crew who was a Filipino “fell on his knees, blessed himself, and kissed the ground ” 44. Some of his comrades were not as lucky; the bodies of Edwin Andersson, from Malmo, Sweden, and Heikel Sverin, both Canton crewmen, came ashore later in the month in Donegal and two empty lifeboats from the steamer also washed up.
The warmth and generosity of the reception the shipwrecked sailors received in the welcoming homes of Kilcummin that day contrasted with the cooler reception the Canton crew would later receive from officialdom in Ballina. They were declined entry to the local hospital as “the number of patients was so great at the time that there was no accommodation for them 44“. The matron lent 24 blankets which were returned and, having been disinfected and laundered, they were returned to store.
The sailors were taken to Enniscrone where they were accommodated in the local school before later travelling to Dublin en-route to the UK.
Some weeks after the rescue, Ballina businessman, E. M. Boshell, local representative of the Shipwrecked Mariners Society, and a member of Ballina Harbour Board, and also Lloyd’s Agent at Ballina, recommended the fishermen for recognition for their bravery to the Royal National Lifeboat Institution.
It wasn’t until November 1991 when Jim McLoughlin who was 82-years-old and living in the United States that his bravey was finally recognised when a Swedish government representative, Anders Sjodin, presented him with a silver goblet with his name and the date of the rescue engraved on it 45.
On Wednesday morning, September 11, 1940, coastalwatchers at Kilcummin found a body dressed in a naval uniform washed ashore. From papers found on the body it was found that the body was that of Cadet Geoffrey Charles Butcher, Appletree Cottage, 21 Fairfield Road, Orpington, Kent. He enlisted on the 17th of June and was aged 19 years. Other papers bore the marks “Imperial Transport”.
He was one of three crew members of MV Upwey Grange whose remains were washed ashore along the Mayo coast after the ship, heading for London from Buenos Aires, with 11 passengers and a cargo of 5,500 tons of frozen and tinned meat was hit by one torpedo from U-37 and sank 184 miles west of Achill Head, on August 8, 1940.
All three lifeboats got away from the ship safely and Captain William Ernest Williams ordered them all to hoist sail and make for Ireland. The wind was favourable for this, blowing strongly from the west, but the sea conditions were poor and the speed with which they had had to abandon their ship rendered them vulnerable to hypothermia. With Williams in the lead the boats kept company for a few hours, but in the rough sea and swell, the boats were separated 46.
HMS Vanquisher came to the rescue of the first lifeboat. The second boat had made about 180 miles in three days and two nights and was within 50 miles of Achill Head when they were rescued by the Cardiff steam trawler, Naniwa, and on August 13; forty-eight crew members and eight passengers were landed safely in Cardiff.
We will never know the exact circumstances of what happened to Captain William’s lifeboat in the numbing cold of the turbulent North Atlantic, but it we get some insight into the possible fate of the small boat from the account given by rescued First Officer Ellis, referring to the third day of their lifeboat ordeal.
“Things were, by now, very unpleasant; we shipped much water and baled continuously. A very high sea was running with a strong westerly wind; frequent squalls of moderate gale force from NW made a nasty cross sea 46.”
Nothing further was heard of Captain Williams’s boat. He was lost along with 31 crew members, one gunner and three passengers, including Upwey Grange’s Chief Engineer Major Clifford Mackrow (48) and Cadet Geoffrey Charles Butcher, “both of whom were known to have been in Williams’s lifeboat 47.”
Clifford Major Mackrow was washed ashore at Inishkea. He was a married man who lived at 49 Castleview Gardens, Ilford, Essex. He is buried in Kilcommon Church of Ireland Churchyard, Belmullet.
The bodies of two other crewman from Upwey Grange were found in Mayo; AB George James Walters (47) was washed up at Achill Island and he is buried in Achill Holy Trinity Church of Ireland graveyard; Third Officer Edgar Hugh Mayes (33) from Northhampton is buried in Termoncarragh cemetery.
An Irishman William Francis O’Donnell (30), an enginner on the M.V. Upwey Grange, also died and he is commemorated at Tower Hill Memorial in London.
On Sunday, November 3, 1940, HMS Patroclus, an armed merchant cruiser, was 150 miles west of Bloody Foreland when she was torpedoed by the German submarine U-99. Royal Navy Reserve Seaman, Harry Kirkpatrick, was one of 56 of her 319 crew lost in the attack. His body was washed up Cushlecka, Mulranny, and found by Patrick Moran, Cuskleacka, at about 10am, on December 18, 1940. He was buried in Achill Holy Trinity Church of Ireland Churchyard in Achill Sound. An only son, a wristlet watch found on the body was later forwarded to his mother in Orkney.
S.S. Nerissa was the only transport carrying Canadian troops to be lost during World War II. A passenger and cargo steamer, en route from Halifax, Nova Scotia, to Liverpool, she was torpedoed and sunk on the night of April 30, 1941, by the German submarine, U-552, northwest of Rockall.
The sinking of the S.S. Nerissa resulted in 207 casualties, including military and civilian; and British and Canadian diplomats. This was the third largest loss of life for a ship sunk by U-boats in the approaches to Ireland and Britain. The 84 Nerissa survivors were transferred from their lifeboats to HMS Kingcup, which took them to Derry.
In war, some families seem to bear an unbearabe price for their service and sacrifice as we have already read concerning the MacHale family from Belmullet.
Buried in Kilcommon Church of Ireland Churchyard, Belmullet, is Archibald Graham Weir (55), Pensbury House, Shaftsbury, Dorset, a Wing Commander Royal Air Force and a victim of the Nerissa sinking. His body was found washed ashore at Corraun Point, Cross beach, near Binghamstown, on July 4, 1941. An Oxford graduate, he was a veteran of World War 1
His two sons also died in the war. Flying Officer Archibald Nigel Charles Weir D.F.C., died when his Hurricane crashed into the sea on November 7, 1940, after combat with a Messerschmitt Bf 109 off the Isle of Wight. Nigel’s younger brother, Adrian John Anthony (23) was serving as a Major in the 1st Battalion The Scots Guards when he was killed on February 2, 1944, at Anzio, Italy. He was awarded the Military Cross 48.
When Wing Commander Weir’s body was found washed ashore at Corraun Point, among his possessions was his personal diary; his last entry on the morning of that fateful day was a tender final message to his wife, Mary, looking forward to seeing her within hours.
“Have just come off watch on the bridge from 4-8 am. Marvellous sunrise, squalls, and an upturned lifeboat dead ahead, which gave us a fright until we saw what it was. We are 250 miles from the north of Ireland, and the waters sufficiently dangerous; however, by tomorrow morning all should be well, and one will be able to take a bath without wondering whether the alarm will go in to the middle of it. Á bientôt, must go and have breakfast 49.”
Canadian Officer,Thomas Elvin Mitchell (20), a Lieutenant in the Carleton and York Regiment, R.C.I.C., was one of 108 Canadian Army personnel to perish on the Nerissa. His remains were washed ashore at Aughadoon, Belmullet, on May 23, 1941, and found by Anthony Dixon, Aughadoon, during an early morning walk along the shore. Son of Thomas and Bessie Irene Mitchell, he came from St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada. He is buried in Kilcommon Church of Ireland Cemetery, Belmullet.
S.S. Homeside Mystery
In January 1941, the British cargo ship S.S. Homeside, on voyage from Pepel, Sierra Leone, for the Tees, in convoy SL-62 with a cargo of iron ore and went missing. The only evidence of her fate came on July 8, 1941, when a body washed ashore at Ashleam, Achill was identified as that of John Murphy lost when S.S. Homeside went missing, presumed sunk, on January 28th 1941. Thirty-five crew were never heard of again.