Mohamed Ali El-Kebir
At twilight on Wednesday, August 7, 1940, 205 miles west of Malin Head, U-38b torpedoed the passenger ship S.S. Mohamed Ali el-Kebir with the loss of 96 of the 862 people on board. The remaining 766 survivors were rescued by HMS Griffin. On passage from Avonmouth to Gibraltar, she had on board 697 troops and 66 Royal Navy personnel. Ten of her crew, four naval ratings and about 95 soldiers lost their lives, including nine British soldiers whose remains were washed up on the Mayo coast.
Private John Halliwell Warham was found on the stretch of beach at Kilgalligan near Carrowteigue. He was a member of the Pioneer Corps, and left behind a young widow, Alice Warham, of Walton, Liverpool, and two-year-old daughter, Jeanne. He was buried in Kilcommon Church of Ireland Churchyard in Belmullet.
Writing in 2017, Steven Mack, a grandson of Private John Halliwell Warham, in remembering his grandfather’s sacrifice, paid tribute to the Belmullet community who look after the graves of those lost in the Battle of the Atlantic.
“The John H. Warham buried there (Kilcommon COI cemetery) in grave 9 was just 25-years-old, a similar age to many who perished. The inscription includes mention of my mother, Jeanne, who was less than 2 years old at the time he died and so never knew her father.
“This was a reality for many families at the time and the invisible sacrifices made by all who are affected by war remains as powerful today as always. As a descendant of one of those buried in this place, I wish to gratefully thank those who care for the grounds and who have done so throughout the years. 34“
Private Arnold A. Walmsley’s remains were discovered by an LSF patrol at Kilcummin on Sunday, August 11, 1940. Attached to the Pioneer Corps, he was a native of Bolton where he left a young widow. He was buried in Rathfran cemetery, overlooking Killala Bay where he came ashore, and near the the tranquil ruins of the 13th century Rathfran Priory.
Personal loss and grief was multiplied for the family of Sydney George Betts (24), a driver Royal Engineers, 706 General Construction Coy., from Leicester who was washed up at Annagh Head. The contents of his pockets also revealed a family tragedy. In his wallet, containing two national registration cards, a driving licence, two photos, one apparently that of his wife and child; and, heartbreakingly, a form of leave to bury his child.
Three more soldier victims of the Mohamed Ali El-Kebir sinking whose bodies were washed up along the Erris coast would be buried in Kilcommon Erris Church of Ireland Churchyard before the end of the month.
Private William W. Hulme (27), Patricroft, Lancashire, a member of the Pioneer Corps; James J. Jaffray (27), Sapper Royal Engineers, 706 General Construction Coy., New Pitsligo, Aberdeenshire, and William Ewen Morrison, Sapper Royal Engineers 706 General Construction Coy., a joiner by trade
A futher three soldiers who lost their lives on the Mohamed Ali El-Kebir were found at Achill Island. George G. Ironside (44), a Sapper Royal Engineers, was washed up Dooega, Achill Sound, July 28, 1940, and is buried in the Holy Trinity Church of Ireland Churchyard. He left behind a wife, Jessie Ironside, of Cuminestown, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Private Jonas Arthur Hardingham (23), a member of the Auxuliary Military, is buried in Dugort Church of Ireland Churchyard, Achill.
Private Emyr Prytherch (26) was washed up on Doohoma beach and is buried in Doohoma Graveyard. He was a son of John and Margaret Prytherch, of Holyhead, Anglesey.
One Irish merchant seaman also lost his life on the Mohamed Ali El-Kebir. William John Tyrrell (44), Quartermaster, Merchant Navy, was son of Thomas and Louisa Tyrrell, of Arklow, Co. Wicklow, and is commemorated on The Tower Hill Memorial Trinity Square, Tower Hill, London.
Reflecting on the suffering of those caught up in the war especially the Irish in Britain, the Western People spoke for many families when it commented in August 1940:
“The greater evils of war have happily not touched our lives as a whole, though mourning has been brought to some of our Irish families whose sons have been involved in the great catastrophe of battle 35.”
Among those Irish families in mourning by early September 1940 was the McHale family from Belmullet who like many other families were to pay too high a price in the Battle of the Atlantic.
Brendan Aloysius MacHale (28), a second officer on the British merchant ship, M.V. Neptunian (Newcastle-on-Tyne), died when she was hit by one torpedo from U-47 northwest of Rockall and sank capsizing after seven minutes on September 7, 1940. The master, 34 crew members, and one gunner were lost.
Bertram McHale was posthumously awarded the King’s Commendation for bravery.
Sons of Dr. Patrick J. MacHale and Julia M. MacHale, Belmullet, the brave brothes are remembered at the Tower Hill Memorial in London.
Isolated on the western fringe of Europe, Ireland could look on with some degree of detachment as the great countries of Europe fell to the unstoppable German army in the early summer of 1940. But by July after the Fall of France when the Battle Britain between the RAF and Luftwaffe for control of the skies was raging above England, it was clear that the war was on our doorstep.
And, tragicially, for some Mayo families the thunderous roar of naval warfare echoed all the way to their front door as news filtered home of sons and relatives serving in the merchant navy who had fallen victim to the preying U-boats.
One such victim was John Jordan, fireman, Ballmachugh, Ballycastle, Co. Mayo. In June 1940, the British Minister of Transport reported that Mr. Jordan was among those merchant sailors lost at sea 37. Many Mayo families were to endure similar tragedies throughout the Battle of the Atlantic. In June 1942, Henry W. Hunter, first mate, Lecarrow House, Ballyhaunis, Co. Mayo, was also included in list of of merchant sailors and fishermen lost at sea 38.
Unable to smash the RAF, the Luftwaffe started bombing British cities on September 7, 1940. The war was coming all too close and personal for many thousands of Irish families who had loved ones, living and working in Britain. Letters home spoke of the death and destruction as the Luftwaffe bombers unleashed nightly blitzkriegs. Many Mayo families were to lose family members in the Blitz during the war and many other Mayo families whose sons served with the RAF and British forces were also to receive the dreaded telegram.
Worried relatives heard of tragic stories of homes demolished and of sleepless nights in underground shelters as the carnage rained down from the German bombers onto the streets above. Local newspapers reported over 50 Mayo people being killed in the Blitz. But it is likely many more unfortunates among the thousands of Mayo emigrants working in England died.
Soon, the refugees, particularly mothers with children, began to make their way back to the safety Ireland leaving their husbands to bravely continue to work in London, Leeds, Liverpool, Birmingham and Manchester.
“The worst noise of all is the swish of the bomb falling through the air…It certainly strikes terror into the stoutest hearts.. and then the crash and the topolling houses 39,” wrote a Mayo doctor to his family in October, 1940, describing his medical work in London during the blitz.
Among refugees who arrived at Westland Row from Holyhead on Friday night, September 2, 1940, on the mail-boat, were Mayo natives. James Boylan, from Belmullet. He told the Irish Press in September 1940, the bombs were dropping about North Wales so fast he decided to get away.
Mrs. Mary Walsh, carrying her six-months old baby daughter, told of her home being wrecked by a bomb. She was going to relatives in Ballyvary. “I have had no sleep for weeks and I am glad to get to Ireland 40.”
Another Mayo women fleeing the carnage was Mrs. Mary Halloran whose house had also being wrecked by a bomb. Her three-months old baby boy and her sister, Miss B. Coyne were with here and they were going to relatives in Dounetter, Claremorris.
“I am too tired and too glad to get back to Ireland to talk,” said another young women who was going to Co. Mayo with her baby daughter 41.
By September the ferocity of the war in the Atlantic was so intense that explosions at sea could be heard along the North Mayo coast. “So violent were the explosions that the delph on Belmullet kitchen dressers rattled for some time. Vivid flashes were observed from the shore 42“.